An Iraqi traditionist and historian, Abū Bakr ʿAbd-Allāh b. Muḥammad b. Ibrāhīm (Abū Shaybah) al-Kūfī (775–al-Kūfah, 849) came from a family of religious scholars and produced several works in the fields of history, law, and religion. His compilation of sayings (Ar. ḥadīth, pl. aḥādīth) was one of the ten canonical collections in the Maghrib. Ibn Abī Shaybah’s Kitāb al-muṣannaf fī al-aḥādīth wa-ʾl-athār (‘The Book arranged by sayings and traditions’) has survived in many manuscripts. (Biography based upon Pellat, III 692.)
Becker, I 971-971.)
… Jarîr ibn-ʿAbdallâh came from as-Sarâh at the head of the Bajîlah tribe, and offered to go to al-ʿIrâḳ, provided one quarter of what they took possession of be allotted to him and his men. ʿUmar accepted the offer and Jarîr started towards al-ʿIrâḳ. …
After the death of abu-ʿUbaid, who was the first to be directed by ʿUmar to al-Kûfah, ʿUmar directed Jarîr ibn-ʿAbdallâh there, saying,
Wouldst thou go to al-ʿIrâḳ if I allow thee one-third of the spoils after the [usual] fifth has been taken? and Jarîr said,
The Bajîlah tribe constituted one-fourth of the Moslems in the battle of al-Ḳâdisîyah, and ʿUmar had allotted them one-fourth of as-Sawâd. Once when Jarîr [b. ʿAbd-Allāh] called on ʿUmar, the latter said,
Had I not been responsible for what I divide (lawlā innī qāsim al-masʾul), I would leave to you the share already given; but I see that the Muslims have multiplied, so ye have to restore what ye have taken. Jarîr and the others did as ʿUmar said and ʿUmar offered Jarîr 80 dînârs.
A woman of the tribe of Bajîlah, called umm-Kurz, came to ʿUmar and said,
My father died and his share in as-Sawâd holds good. I shall never deliver it! ʿUmar turned to her and said,
But, umm-Kurz, thy people have all consented to do so.
I shall never consent, said she,
unless thou carry me on a submissive she-camel covered with a red nappy mantle (qaṭīfah) and fill both my hands with gold, which ʿUmar did.
ʿUmar gave to the Bajîlah one-quarter of as-Sawâd which they held for three years.
Jarîr ibn-ʿAbdallâh accompanied by ʿAmmâr ibn-Yâsir called on ʿUmar who said,
Had I not been held responsible for what I divide, I would leave to you the shares already given, but I see now that ye ought to restore what ye have taken. And they did, upon which ʿUmar offered a present of 80 dînârs to Jarîr.
ʿUmar gave Jarîr ibn-ʿAbdallāh 400 dînârs.
ʿUmar gave the Bajîlah, in exchange for the fourth of as-Sawâd they held, a stipend of 2,000 dirhams.
ʿUmar allotted to Jarîr and his men one-quarter of what they had conquered in as-Sawâd. When the spoils of Jalûlâʾ were brought together, Jarîr demanded his quarter. Saʿd communicated the demand to ʿUmar who wrote back as follows:
If Jarîr wants himself considered as having with his men, fought for a pay similar to the pay of al-Muʾallafah Ḳulūbuhum [sic; ‘those whose hearts are won to Islam by special gifts’; Qurʾān 9.60], then you may give them their pay. If, however, they have fought in Allah’s cause and will accept his remuneration, then they are part of the Muslims, having their rights and their obligations. Hearing that, Jarîr said,
Truly and honestly has the .
Commander of the Believers spoken, We do not want our quarter
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Abū Yūsuf Yaʿqūb b. Ibrāhīm al-Kūfī. Taxation in Islām. Ed. and transl. from Arabic by Aharon Ben Shemesh. Vol. 3, Abū Yūsuf’s Kitāb al-kharāj. Leiden & London: E J Brill; Luzac, 1969.
al-Balādhurī, Aḥmad b. Yaḥyā. The Origins of the Islamic state, being a translation from the Arabic accompanied with annotations, geographic and historic notes of the Kitâb futûḥ al-buldân of al-Imâm abu-l ʿAbbâs Aḥmad ibn-Jâbir al-Balâdhuri. Khayats Oriental reprint, 11. Ed. and transl. from Arabic by Philip Khuri Hitti. Vol. 1. 1916. Reprint, Beirut: Khayats, 1966. [online]
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aṭ-Ṭabarī, Abū Jaʿfar Muḥammad b. Jarīr. Annales quos scripsit Abu Djafar Mohammed ibn Djarir at-Tabari. 15 vols. Ed. Michael Jan de Goeje, Jakob Barth, Theodor Nöldeke, et al. Leiden: E J Brill, 1879–1901. [online (vol. 4)] [online (vol. 5)]
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aṭ-Ṭabarī, Abū Jaʿfar Muḥammad b. Jarīr. The History of al-Ṭabarī. Bibliotheca Persica. Transl. from Arabic by Yohanan Friedmann. Vol. 12, The Battle of al-Qādisiyyah and the conquest of Syria and Palestine: A.D. 635–637/A.H. 14–15. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1992.
Yaḥyā b. Ādam al-Qurashī. Taxation in Islām. Ed. and transl. from Arabic by Aharon Ben Shemesh. Vol. 1, Yaḥyā ben Ādam’s Kitāb al-kharāj. 2nd revised edition. Leiden: E J Brill, 1967.